Learning Sounds

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Learning Sounds – All children learn and use sounds at their own pace.

A typical pattern of development is outlined below, although some children will use sounds before the stated ages and some will use them at a later age.

This is an approximate guide for you to check the kind of appropriate sound substitutions you can expect your child to be making. If they are struggling with sounds beyond these ages or making more unusual substitutions then please don’t hesitate to give us a call (or contact me here) and check whether they would benefit from support with learning sounds,  listening and production of sounds.

Age Acquired By
Sound
Examples of Expected Speech

2+

P May miss the end sounds off words eg. ‘ca’ for ‘cat’ Repetition of parts of words eg. ‘mama’
B
M
N
W
H

3+

T Most words will now have an end sound but not always the adult sound eg. ‘wass’ for ‘wash’ ‘f’ and ‘s’ beginning to be used correctly but may still be substituted eg. ‘tee-taw’ for ‘see-saw’
D
K
G
NG as in riNG
Y
F

4+

V Unlikely to be using sound blends such as smile, spider, blue, play eg. ‘The pider sared me’ for ‘the spider scared me’. May still find ‘sh’, ‘ch’ and ‘j’ difficult
S
Z
L
SH
CH
J

5+

R Likely to say ‘w’ for ‘r’ eg. ‘wabbit’ for ‘rabbit’ and ‘gween’ for ‘green’ May still use ‘w’ or ‘y’ for ‘l’ eg. ‘yeyyow’ for ‘yellow’ and ‘wight’ for ‘light’ They may still have difficulty with ‘th’ eg. ‘that’ could be ‘vat’ or ‘dat’ and ‘think’ could be ‘fink’
S as in ‘meaSure’
TH as in ‘THick’
TH as in ‘THe’
The Talking House - Learning Sounds

The Talking House – Learning Sounds